Walther P38

p38 p-38 p 38 walther pistol diagram
Walther P 38 P38 pistol waffenfabrik heeres pistole

The Walther P 38 was developed to replace the P 08 Luger.  The P 08 was a superb weapon but was expensive to produce and complex in operation and maintenance. The Pistole Luger 08 was almost a unanimous hand weapon used in the World Wars and accommodated several advanced features required for such a large-scale war. It was semi-automatic and recoil-operated and took out the working principle from the Borchardt Automatic Pistol.  Georg Luger secured the first patent on the pistol with Modell 1900 Parabellum as the first production model.

The Swiss Army started the trend of P08 Luger in the year 1900, followed by Germany and other countries. While the Swiss used the original version, the Germans used a modified version known as Pistol Model 1908, the P08. The Germans heavily used these guns during both the World Wars and is still regarded as a sign of the villainous activities of the Nazis.

The toggle-lock action of firing required high-pressure cartridges to avoid malfunction or jamming. This made the pistol highly sensitive to cartridge features. In 1933, the German army identified the need for a new replacement pistol.

Since these pistols were manufactured with the best quality materials to bring in accuracy and durability under extreme conditions, they had long lives compared to other small weapons. Still, it needed replacement to match the changing world, just like a simple Bitcoin Code getting updated to match the markets.

In 1933, the German army identified the need for a new replacement pistol. From 1933 to 1938, a long development program created the successful P 38 design.  This design struck a fine balance. The outcome, a weapon rich in capabilities yet inexpensive to produce and well suited for mass production.  Walther received the contract to manufacture the P 38 in 1938.
P38 Walther pistol Waffen SS soldier
From the onset, the P 38 proved an exceptional  service pistol. The weapon was robust, accurate and well balanced.   Field stripping and maintenance was simple and rapid.  Many safety features included a hammer safety and an indicator that a round was ‘chamber loaded.’ The cartridge was the proven and widely available Parabellum 9-mm. Despite this success and mass production, the P 08 was never fully replaced by the P38.  More than any other combatant nation, the Germans favored the handgun.  The pistol was no status symbol or specialized weapon for the few. It was an essential cog in the German war machine from the rear echelon to the front lines.   Demand outstripped supply.
The P 38 pistol was well liked by the German army and a prized war trophy.